lunes, junio 11, 2007

Orégano/Mejorana silvestre

(Oregano/Wild Marjoram)Oregano.jpg

Nombres comunes: Mayorana silvestre, Mejorana silvestre

Nombre científico: Origanum vulgare

El orégano es una hierba aromática perenne que puede alcanzar los dos pies de alto, algo más de 60 cm. Es originaria de Europa y Asia, pero se cultiva en todo el mundo. Además del orégano europeo, hay varios tipos de especias relacionadas, como el orégano griego o turco (Origanum onites) y el orégano mexicano (Lippia graveolens, Lippa palmeri). Las hojas y la hierba seca, al igual que el aceite volátil, se usan con fines medicinales.

Se utiliza en relación con lo siguiente (consulte la inquietud de salud particular para obtener información completa):

Clasificación Inquietudes de salud

Candidiasis crónica



Infecciones por levaduras

3estrellas Información científica confiable y relativamente consistente que muestra un beneficio importante para la salud.

2estrellas Estudios contradictorios, insuficientes o preliminares que sugieren la existencia de algún beneficio para la salud, aunque sea mínimo.

1estrella La hierba está respaldada principalmente por el uso tradicional, o bien, la hierba o el suplemento tienen poco respaldo científico o presentan un beneficio mínimo para la salud.

¿Cómo funciona?

La hierba seca contiene varios ingredientes activos, como el aceite volátil (hasta el 3%), que tiene carvacrol, timol y borneol, además de flavonoides, ácido rosmarínico y triterpenoides (como los ácidos ursólico y oleanólico). Se piensa que el contenido de timol y carvacrol del orégano es el responsable de los efectos antimicrobianos y antimicóticos observados en los estudios in vitro. Sin embargo, la Comisión E alemana no apoya el uso del orégano para ninguna indicación médica.

¿Cuál es la dosis usual?

  • El orégano puede prepararse en té dejando reposar 1 a 2 cucharaditas de la hierba seca en agua caliente durante diez minutos. Este té se puede beber tres veces al día.
  • Se desconoce la cantidad de aceite de orégano necesaria para la actividad antimicótica tópica o interna.

¿Existen efectos secundarios o contraindicaciones?

  • El orégano, y en particular el aceite, no debe usarse durante el embarazo, ya que puede actuar como estimulante uterino y llegar a provocar un aborto.
  • El aceite no debe usarse internamente a menos que lo prescriba un médico.
  • Tópicamente, el aceite volátil del orégano es moderadamente irritante para la piel y un potente irritante para las membranas mucosas. Por lo tanto, no se debe aplicar tópicamente a las membranas mucosas en concentraciones superiores al 1%.
  • Los niños menores de dos años y las personas con lesiones cutáneas o piel muy sensible no deben usar el aceite tópicamente.

Al momento de escribir este artículo, no existían interacciones bien documentadas de algún medicamento con Orégano/Mejorana silvestre.

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